425 Hespeler Road, Unit 7

Cambridge, ON N1R 6J2
Bishop Gate Plaza / Tim Hortons

(519) 267-1888


Mon - Fri: 9:30AM - 7PM
Saturday: 10AM- 5PM

Sunday: Closed


In today’s digital age, where our screen time has increased significantly, our eyes are under constant stress. Thus, it is essential that we go through eye examinations regularly to ensure the well-being of our eyes and avoid potential problems. 

Whether you are experiencing any vision problems or just want to ensure your eyes are in perfect condition, scheduling an eye exam is the best decision. 

But what type of tests can you expect during an eye examination? In this blog, we will talk about various tests that are generally performed during testing eyes to assess your vision and the overall condition of your eyes.

So, let’s get started.

 Visual Acuity Test

A visual activity test is the most important eye test for calculating your capacity to read letters from a standardized eye chart. 

This test also traces refractive errors such as nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism, determining if corrective measures like glasses or contact lenses are required.

 Refraction Test

After detecting the need for an eyeglasses prescription, the optometrist will suggest what type of glasses you may require.  

 Eye Muscle Movement Test

This test is performed to assess the coordination and alignment of your eye muscles. The doctor will ask you to follow a moving object as it moves vertically and horizontally.

Basically, this test is performed to identify any muscle weakness or imbalance that may cause problems like amblyopia (lazy eye) or strabismus (crossed eyes).

 Cover Test

The cover test is performed to find out any eye misalignment or binocular vision problems. 

It is performed by covering one of your eyes to observe how the uncovered eye moves and focuses on the given images. This test is used to diagnose problems like strabismus and also assesses the coordination between your eyes.

 Colour Vision Test and  Cover Test

The Colour Vision Test assesses your ability to perceive and distinguish colours accurately, while the Cover Test evaluates eye alignment and detects any strabismus or eye muscle imbalances. 

These tests ensure a thorough examination of your visual health.

 Slit Lamp Examination

This test helps the doctor examine the structure of your eye in detail. For this, they use a specialized microscope with bright light to test the iris, cornea, lens, and other structures.

This test helps detect issues like cataracts, corneal abrasions, and other abnormalities that may affect your vision and eye health.

 Dilated Fundus Examination

This test is performed using eye drops to dilate your pupils. In this test, the optometrist examines the back of your eye, which consists of the retina, optic nerve, and blood vessels. 

This test helps detect signs of retinal diseases, like macular degeneration or diabetic retinopathy, as well as other conditions like hypertensive retinopathy. 


Undergoing an eye exam is essential for maintaining optimal eye health and identifying potential vision problems early on. All the above-mentioned tests provide valuable information about your vision and overall eye health. 

Thus, by regularly scheduling an eye exam, you can make sure that any vision issues or eye conditions are detected and addressed promptly. This will help you maintain clear vision and healthy eyes for years to come.

Schedule your comprehensive eye exam today with Lens & Frames Optical, and our expert optometrist will examine your eyes for all eye health-related issues. 

Get in touch today!



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